How are COVID-19 vaccines priced around the world?
As of February 2021, the outbreak of the coronavirus disease has been confirmed in over 210 countries and territories. Of these, 130 countries have yet to administer a single dose according to UNICEF.
So far, nine billion doses of COVID-19 vaccines have been secured by nations worldwide. Based on actual procurement contracts and agreements collated by UNICEF, the current reported vaccine price-per-dose ranges between $2.19 and $36.88.
As expected, the prices are scaled higher towards the developed world while averaging around $5 per dose in middle- to lower income nations.
There are a number of factors to consider when comparing vaccine prices across nations, including but not limited to the date-of-procurement, contractual terms and conditions, product characteristics, wealth-of-nation and volume procured. The published price of each vaccine might well vary in comparison to the actual price delivered to the end-user, depending on other relevant components such as storage and transportation fees.
The UK's AstraZeneca (in partnership with Oxford) is currently priced the lowest worldwide, having pledged to sell their vaccines at a price that covers cost.
The vast majority of procured vaccines have yet to be manufactured or delivered.