The COVID-19 pandemic doesn’t end with a vaccine. It ends when everyone can get one.

The world’s richest countries are on track to accumulate over 1 billion more doses of COVID-19 vaccines than they need to fully vaccinate all their citizens, according to new analysis from anti-poverty campaigners ONE.

The analysis finds that five countries (Australia, Canada, Japan, UK, and US) plus the EU block of 27 countries could share close to 1 billion doses of leading COVID-19 vaccines with other countries and still retain enough supply to inoculate their entire populations. These excess doses alone are sufficient to vaccinate the entire adult population of Africa.

To date, the United States, the European Union, Britain, Australia, Canada and Japan have already secured more than 3 billion doses - over a billion more than the 2.06 billion needed to give their entire populations two doses.

The report looked specifically at contracts with the five leading COVID-19 vaccine makers - Pfizer-BioNTech, Moderna, Oxford-AstraZeneca, Johnson & Johnson, and Novavax.

This huge vaccine excess is the embodiment of vaccine nationalism, with countries prioritizing their own vaccination needs at the expense of other countries and the global recovery. The World Health Organization has urged nations with vaccines not to share them unilaterally but to donate them to the global COVAX scheme to ensure fairness.