The social determinants of health (SDOH) are the social and economic factors that influence people's health.

Social Determinants of Health (SDOH) play an important role in the risk of COVID-19 infection.

SDOH are the complex circumstances and conditions in which individuals are born and live that impact their health - factors beyond an individual's biology and behaviours. These conditions in which people are born, grow up, live, and work are essential for an equitable COVID-19 response.

Healthcare leaders (including the drug industry) are increasingly regarding SDOH as a critical component of value-based delivery models, which incentivize positive results rather than individual treatments.

This 2017 article via @nejmcatalyst presents an excellent overview of what are Social Determinants of Health including how intangible factors such as politics, socioeconomics, and cultural constructs impact a person's health.